Fundamental research of spray-oil film interaction

  Pressure Chamber Copyright: © Winandy Pressure chamber in order to investigate the spray-film interaction

During pre- and post-injections in direct injecting diesel engines, spray impingement on to the cylinder liner is likely to occur, leading to fuel deposits on the liner. At the same time oil from the cylinder liner is transported into the combustion chamber, which may increase the production of pollutants. Due to the movement of the piston, the fuel contaminates the oil-circuit of the engine, resulting in a reduction of viscosity and lubricity.
The goal of this research project is to experimentally investigate the interaction between a diesel spray and the oil film under conditions similar to those in a post-injection (fig. 1).

The approach of investigation can be divided into two steps.

Step 1: Creating thin oil films in a pressurized chamber (fig. 2)

  • Oil is being thinned out through rotation.
  • Continuous measurement of the film thickness.
  • Rotation stops once an engine relevant thickness is reached.

Step 2: Spray-/film-interaction (fig. 3)

  • Film thickness measurements: Investigation of the film topology after impingement.
  • High-Speed-Visualizations: Providing information on the overall spray behavior.
  • 2D - Phase-Doppler-Anemometry: Providing single droplet diameters and velocities.

Project details


Project duration

Funded by


Involved research institutes:

  • Aachen (WSA, VKA)
  • München (LVK)
  • Hamburg (MT)
  • Kassel (IMK)
  • Magdeburg (IMK)

Industrial members of FVV


  • Spray-Pressure chambers
  • High-Speed Visualization
  • Interferometric film thickness measurings down to 2µm
  • PDA
  • Aerosol generators (1-8 µm aerosol diameter)
  • Welas aerosol spectometry (determination of aerosol diameter,e.g. for comparison with PDA)